Martial Arts Terminology
 
KIHON WAZA BASIC TECHNIQUES
Tsuki Punch (thrust)
Uchi Strike
Uke Receive / Block
Geri Kick

 

BUKI WEAPONS
Ashi Foot
Chusoku Ball of Foot
Haisho Backhand
Haisoku Instep of Foot
Haito Inner Knife Hand
Hiji / Empi Elbow
Hiraken Flat Fist
Hiza Knee
Kakato Heel
Keiko Chicken Beak
Koken Wrist (top of)
Kote Forearm
Nakayubi Ippon Ken Middle Finger Knuckle Fist
Nukite Spear Hand
Oyayubi Ippon Ken Thumb Knuckle Fist
Ryutoken Dragon's Head Fist
Seiken Correct Fist
Shotei Palm Heel
Shuto Knife Hand
Sokuto Knife Edge of Foot
Sune Shin
Te Hand
Teisoku Arch of Foot
Tettsui Hammer Fist
Toho Sword Peak Hand
Uraken Reverse Knuckle

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NERAIDOKORO KOGEKIHOKO TARGET / DIRECTION
Age Rising
Ago Chin
Atama Head
Chudan Middle Level
Gammen Face
Gedan Lower Level
Hana Nose
Hara Abdomen
Hidari Left
Hizo Spleen
Jodan Upper Level
Johanshin Upper Body
Kahanshin Lower Body
Kake Hook
Kansetsu Joint (any)
Kata Shoulder
Kintama (Kin) Testicles
Komekami Temple
Kubi Neck
Kuchi Mouth
Mae Front (direction)
Mawashi Round, Circular
Me Eye(s)
Migi Right
Mimi Ear(s)
Mizo - ochi Solar Plexus
Momo / Kagi Thigh
Mune Chest
Naname Diagonal
Nodo Throat
Oroshi Descending
Sakotsu Collarbone
Sayu Left and Right
Soto Outside
Tobi Jumping
Uchi Inside
Ude Arm
Ura Reverse, Backwards
Ushiro Back (direction)
Yoko Side (direction)

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DACHI STANCES
Yoi / Fudo Dachi Stable / Prepared Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward (leaning) Stance
Uchi-Hachiji Dachi Pigeon Toed Stance
Sanchin Dachi Three Battles / Point Stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back (leaning) Stance
Musubi Dachi Toes Open Stance
Kiba Dachi Horse Riding Stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Foot Stance
Tsuru Ashi Dachi Crane Stance
Moro Ashi Dachi Offset Foot Parallel Stance
Heisoku Dachi Closed Stance
Heiko Dachi Open Parallel Stance
Kake Dachi Hook Stance
Shiko Dachi Sumo Stance
Kumite Dachi Sparring Stance
Han Mi Half Facing Stance
Shinzentai Natural Posture Stance

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TSUKI WAZA PUNCHING TECHNIQUES
Seiken Correct Fist
Oi Tsuki Lunge Punch
Morote Tsuki Two Hand Punch
Gyaku Tsuki Reverse Punch
Tate Tsuki Vertical Punch
Jun Tsuki Off the Shoulder Punch
Shita Tsuki Underneath Punch

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UCHI WAZA STRIKING TECHNIQUES
Seiken Correct Fist
Ago Uchi Chin Strike
Furi Uchi Hook Strike
Tettsui Hammer Fist
Komekami Uchi Temple Strike
Hizo Uchi Spleen Strike
Yoko Uchi Side Strike
Uraken Backfist
Gammen Uchi Face Strike
Sayu Uchi Left and Right Strike
Hizo Uchi Spleen Strike
Mawashi Uchi Roundhouse Strike
Nihon Nukite Two-Fingered Spear Hand
Yonhon Nukite Four-Fingered Spear Hand
Shotei Uchi Palm Heel Strike
Shuto Knife Hand
Sakotsu Uchi Collarbone Strike
Sakotsu Uchikomi Collarbone Driving Strike
Hizo Uchi Spleen Strike
Uchi Uchi Inside Strike
Hiji Ate Elbow Strike
Age Hiji Ate Rising Elbow Strike
Ushiro Hiji Ate Backwards Elbow Strike
Oroshi Hiji Ate Descending Elbow Strike

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UKE WAZA BLOCKING TECHNIQUES
Jodan Uke Upper Block
Gedan Barai Lower Parry
Uchi Uke Inside Block
Soto Uke Outside Block
Morote Uchi Uke Two Hand Inside Block
Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai Simultaneous Inside Block, Lower Parry
Shuto Uke Knife Hand Block
Juji Uke Crossed Block
Kake Uke Hook Block
Shotei Uke Palm Heel Block

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GERI WAZA KICKING TECHNIQUES
Kin Geri Groin Kick
Mae Geri Front Kick
Mae Keage Front Rising Kick
Soto Mawashi Geri Outside Crescent Kick
Uchi Mawashi Geri Inside Crescent Kick
Yoko Keage Side Rising Kick
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick
Kansetsu Geri Joint Kick
Yoko Geri Side Kick
Ushiro Geri Back Kick
Mae Kakato Geri Front Heel Kick
Tobi Mae Geri Jumping Front Kick
Ashi Barai Leg Sweep

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KIHON JUTSUGO BASIC TERMINOLOGY
Anza Relaxed Sitting
Arigato Gozaimashita Thank You (polite)
Budo Martial Way
Bunkai Analysis
Bushi Warrior
Bushido Warrior Way
Dan Black Belt Grade
Deshi Pupil, Student, Disciple
Dojo Training Hall (Way place)
Dojo Kun Training Hall Oath
Dogi (Gi) Karate Uniform (Way clothes)
Goshin Jitsu Self Defense Techniques
Hajime Begin
Hanshi Honorable Master
Honbu Headquarters
Ibuki Forced Tension Breathing
Idogeiko Moving Drills
Jissen Kumite Full Contact Sparring
Jiyu Kumite Free Sparring
Kaiten Rotation
Kamaete Take Position
Kancho Chairman, Head of a Hall
Karate Empty / Void Hand
Kata Form / Shape
Kai Society, School
KaiKan Hall / Building
Ki Inner Energy
Kiai Explosive / Primal Hara Scream
Kiai Irete With Explosive Energy
Kihon Basics
Kihon Waza Basic Techniques
Kime Focus
Kohai Junior Student
Kokyu Breathing
Konjo Fighting Spirit
Kumite Group Hand(s)
Kyokushinkai Society of the Ultimate Truth
Kyu Rank (below Black Belt)
Ma ai Interval (between opponents)
Makiwara Striking Post (straw wrapped)
Mawatte Turn
Mokuso Meditation (silent thought)
Mugorei No Count
Mushin Without Thought (no mind)
Naore Return to Starting Position
Nogare Calm Breathing
Obi Belt
Onegaishimasu Please (polite)
Osu Determination (push and endure)
Otagai Each Other
Rei (Ni Rei) Bow (Bow to)
Renma Polishing, Training
Renraku Combinations
Seishin Spirit
Seiza Formal Kneeling
Sempai Senior (1st, 2nd Dan)
Sensei Teacher (gone before) (3rd, 4th Dan)
Shomen Front (correct face) of the Dojo
Shihan Expert (5th Dan and higher)
Sosai President
Tameshiwari Breaking Test
Tanden Center of Body (below navel)
Uwagi Dogi Top
Waza Technique(s)
Yame Stop
Yasume Rest, at Ease
Yoi Ready
Yudansha Black Belt Holder
Zanshin State of Perfect Awareness
Zubon Dogi Pants

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TAIKAI JUTSUGO TOURNAMENT TERMINOLOGY
Aka Red
Awasete Ippon Adds Up to One Point
Chui Warning
Encho Extension
Fukushin Corner Judge
Fukushin Shugo Referees' Conference
Genten Penalty
Hantei Decision
Hikiwake Tie
Ippon One Point
Kachi (No Kachi) Win (The Winner)
Kiken Forfeit
Senshuken Taikai Championship Tournament
Shikaku Disqualification
Shiro White
Shushin Referee
Waza Ari Half Point
Zokko Resume Match

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KAZU NUMBERS
Ichi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi / Yon Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi, Nana Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku Nine
Ju Ten
Sanju Thirty
Yonjugo Forty-Five
Hyaku Hundred
Sen Thousand
Man Ten Thousand
 

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